Drinking water projects in progress
To see the photo album of each project, just click on the project name.
The current health crisis is severely affecting Peru. The projects could not be completed on schedule. Indeed, the work was interrupted for a few months. Since the deconfinement, the teams have returned to the field respecting the sanitary protocol set up in the villages where we intervene.
– Ázángaro, Luricocha district, Huanta province, Ayacucho. This village is located two hours drive from Huamanga and at an altitude of 2,326 m. The village has no drinking water supply system. People therefore draw water from irrigation canals. During the implementation of the drinking water project in Iribamba, the neighboring village, people came to discuss with the staff of Alas de Esperanza and showed a lot of interest in wanting to carry out their own water access project, i.e. the capture of a spring at 3.1 km from the village, the construction of the water main and a 20 m3 reservoir at the entrance of the village. From this reservoir, a distribution network will be built to bring water by gravity to the 85 houses and premises of the village. A cement washbasin will be built for each family.
– Villa los Ángeles, district of Supe, province of Barranca. In 2012, when the village had only about 30 families, the Municipality of Supe built a water supply system that had become insufficient due to the increase in population. In addition, the pumping system, which is technically inadequate, is currently inoperative.
In March and April 2017, the El Niño phenomenon caused severe flooding in the valley. The houses were not affected because the village is located on the mountainside. However, water and mud avalanches washed away much of the road, irrigation canal and main water line. Everything has since been repaired.
The catchment area, the water main, the cistern and the reservoir will be rehabilitated. A new control line will be built from the cistern to the reservoir. A solar-powered pumping system will be installed. Finally, the distribution network will be designed to deliver water by gravity from the reservoir to the 160 houses and premises in the village. A cement sink will be built for each family.
– Shenontiari, Raymundi district, Atalaya province. The indigenous people consume surface and river water, which is highly contaminated. The village has no infrastructure for access to drinking water. The water will be conducted by gravity from the catchment area to a cistern and then pumped by solar energy from the cistern to the 20 m3 high reservoir built at the entrance of the village. From this tank, water will be gravity-fed to the 37 houses and premises of the village. A cement washbasin will be built for each family.
– La Ramada, district of Llamas, province of Chota, department of Cajamarca. In 1994-1995, La Fondation Père-Ménard (of which I was then the general director) and the Club 2/3 financed the drinking water project of La Ramada with the participation of the community. The engineer Mercedes Torres had directed the project. The village had 120 houses at that time. The artisanal well, 11m deep, provided enough water for about 15 years. However, since 2010, the yield of the well has been decreasing year after year. Currently, people receive a minimal amount of water every two or three days.
Together with the community, we have been looking for other alternatives to supply the population with sufficient and constant water. According to a recent study carried out by engineer Mercedes Torres, the best alternative would be to dig an artesian well with a solar-powered pump. Deepening the existing well is not an option because of the enormous rock at the bottom.
The community has agreed to purchase a plot of land in one of the four locations identified by Mercedes Torres for the digging of the new well. Electrical test pits will be drilled to ensure the presence of water in the subsoil.
Once the well is dug, water will be delivered to the existing 80 m3 reservoir through the existing water line. However, a new 280 m pipe will be installed from the well to the central village square.
We plan to carry out the project in two phases or over two years.
Phase I: electric drilling, digging of the well from 30 to 50 meters deep, installation of the solar panels and pump, connection of the well to the existing control line and renovation of the 80 m3 reservoir.
Phase II : construction of a new reservoir of at least 10 m3 in order to be able to supply water to the part of the village located upstream of the main reservoir; extension of the distribution network and installation of house connections + construction of washbasins as appropriate.
– Nuevo Progreso, District of Raymundi, Province of Atalaya. The village is located on an island in the river about three hours by boat from Atalaya. The natives consume surface and river water, which is highly contaminated. The village has no infrastructure for access to drinking water. Our solution: digging a well 12 to 15 meters deep, solar-powered pumping system, high reservoir of 5 m3 built a few meters from the well. From this reservoir, the water will be conveyed by gravity to the 30 houses and premises of the village. A cement washbasin will be built for each family.
– Rayme Alto, Carhuanca district, Vilcashuaman province, Ayacucho. This village, at an altitude of 3,225 m, is a five-hour drive from Huamanga. It has 60 families (230 inhabitants). These families live from agriculture. In this village, a drinking water system was installed in 1994 by the Municipality but has never functioned. People currently consume non-potable surface water. There is electricity and limited access to cell phones. The elementary school serves the children of the village.
The planned drinking water project consists of the collection of water from a spring 0.5 km from the village, the construction of a 40 m3 cistern and a 360 m long water line. An elevated reservoir of 30 m3 will be built at the end of the village and a solar-powered pumping system will be installed. From this reservoir, a distribution network will be built to deliver water by gravity to the 63 houses and premises of the village. A cement sink will be built for each family to the delight of the mothers.
This project will improve the health and hygiene of the population and contribute to the fight against the pandemic by facilitating handwashing. It will make life easier for these farmers, especially for women who have to take care of, among other things, bringing water for the family. Access to clean water allows everyone to live in dignity.
– Choccoro, (Millpo), Vinchos district, Huamanga province, Ayacucho at 4,200 m altitude in the Andes. The trip by road from Lima to the town of Choccoro takes about 16 hours. There are 90 families (420 inhabitants). The houses are very scattered which makes the project more difficult and expensive to carry out. The peasants are pastoralists who make a living by raising sheep and alpacas. Because of the altitude and the cold, agriculture is practically non-existent.
There is currently no drinking water supply system. People consume water from the creek at the bottom of the valley or stagnant water, the same water that the animals consume. There is no electricity and cell phones are available in some areas. To install a drinking water system, a spring catchment structure must be built at an altitude of 4,377 metres. Three reservoirs will also be built, from which water will be gravity-fed to the village houses, each with a cement sink. With access to drinking water, the health and hygiene of the population will be improved. Water will also facilitate the fight against the pandemic.
As in all the projects we carry out, a drinking water committee is elected by the population and the community agrees to bring in all the unskilled labor. Several meetings are planned between the committee and the entire community to strengthen community organization and learn how to use water properly. Two operators chosen by the community will be trained for the proper maintenance of the system.
To provide access to drinking water, a submerged catchment structure and a 15 m3 reservoir will be built, as well as the water pipe between the two. From the reservoir will follow the installation of the distribution network and the construction of a cement sink for each family. The whole system will operate by gravity.
This project will improve the health and hygiene of the population by insisting on hand washing and will make life easier for these farmers, mainly women.